Pine nuts (kernels)
Pine nut is not a specific sort, but a common name for seeds that are harvested from cedar pines (several species of trees from the genus Pinus).
They have excellent taste and high nutritional value, while the seeds of these cedars are not used for food.
The name "pine nut" was used in gastronomy and used in everyday life, although from the point of view of botany the seeds of Cedar pine can not be considered nuts.
In Russia, most of the harvest is collected from the Siberian pine, named Pinus sibirica.
Cores pine nuts not only have an exceptionally pleasant taste, but they also contain vitamins A, E, G, trace elements (iodine, cobalt, zinc, copper, manganese), carbohydrates (starch, glucose, sucrose, fructose), amino acids, cedar oil and many other components that are very important for the human body.
The content of fats in the kernels of pine nuts reaches 55-66%, proteins 13.5-20%, the rest are vitamins, starch, fast carbohydrates.
Owing to the high content of fats and proteins, only 100 grams of kernels satisfy the daily requirement of the human body for these vital substances for normal functioning by 15%
And the protein of the pine nuts is an important difference from other products: it contains an increased content of the most deficient of essential amino acids, like tryptophan (up to 3.4 g per 100 g protein), methionine (up to 5.6 g per 100 g protein), lysine (up to 12.4 g per 100 g of protein).
Especially valuable are the vitamins of group B (vitamin G, which is also called B2), vitamin E (contained in the form of alpha-tocopherol acetate) and vitamin K, which influences the blood clotting process.
Pine nuts are rich with rare manganese, and copper, magnesium, zinc, phosphorus, iron and other macro and micronutrients.
Among the world producers and exporters of pine nuts Russia confidently takes a leading position. The second place belongs to Mongolia, which annually collects 9-12 thousand tons of pine nuts and supplies up to 7 thousand tons of purified kernels.
|Specifications and technical documentation||TR CU 021/2011, TR CU 022/2011, GOST 31852-2012|
|Developed on the basis of||GOST 31852-2012 Peeled nuts of Siberian pine. Technical specifications.|
Touch requirements and touch assessment
|Appearance||Whole kernels (mass fraction of the broken peeled pine nuts ** no more than 8%), normally developed|
|Color||Color from ivory to dark ivory or dark yellow|
|Texture||Crackling, not viscous|
|Smell, taste||Typical of Siberian pine nuts, without foreign taste or smell|
Nutrition value in 100 g of product
|Energy value||678 kcal / 2839 kJ|
Physical and chemical parameters
|Kernel humidity, %, not exceeding||4-6|
|Mass fraction of foreign inclusions, %, not exceeding||0.7|
|Mass fraction of the spoiled peeled Siberian pine nuts *, %, not exceeding||1.5|
|Mass fraction of the broken peeled Siberian pine nuts **, %, not exceeding||10|
|Mass fraction of the shrunk peeled Siberian pine nuts, %, not exceeding||1|
|Mass fraction of kernels of nuts of other types and origin, %, not exceeding||15|
|Presence of alive pests (insects or their larvae)||Is not admissible|
|Colibacillus group bacteria (coliforms) in 0,01g||Are not admissible|
|Pathogenic microorganisms, including salmonellas, in 25 g||Are not admissible|
|Mold, UFC/g, not exceeding||1х10(3)|
|Aflatoxin B1, mg/kg, not exceeding||0,005|
|Specific activity of caesium-137, Bq/kg, not exceeding||200|
|Specific activity of strontium-90, Bq/kg, not exceeding||100|
|Lead, mg/kg, not exceeding||0.5|
|Arsenic, mg/kg, not exceeding||0.3|
|Cadmium, mg/kg, not exceeding||0.1|
|Mercury, mg/kg, not exceeding||0.05|
|Aldrin||Is not admissible|
|Heptachlor, mg/kg, not exceeding||No more than 0.007|
|Hexachlorocyclohexane, mg/kg, not exceeding||0,5|
|DDT and its metabolites, mg/kg, not exceeding||0,15|
|Genetically modified organisms||Are not contained|
|Possible allergens||Individual intolerance|
Packaging/ Marking/Storage/ Storage life
|Packaging/ Marking||Peeled nuts of Siberian pine (kernels) are packed into vacuum packages weighting from 100 g to 5 kg, or into packages without vacuum weighting 250 g or 90 g, which are then packed in a corrugated box, with net weight of 1 packing unit no more than 15 kg. Accurate marking in Russian and English languages is made on each packing unit according to TR CU with indication of: name and address of the manufacturer, product name, net weight, date of production, expiration date, storage conditions.|
|Requirements for transportation||The product can be transported in the covered vehicles according to the rules of goods transportation, actual for the corresponding type of transport, with observance of storage conditions.|
|Storage conditions||In the closed packages, in the clean and ventilated storerooms, not infected with pests and without foreign smell, at a temperature not exceeding 20 ° C, far from sun lights, with relative air humidity not exceeding 70%.|
|Storage life||12 months from the date of production, in the closed package, with observance of storage conditions. When packed in packages without vacuum the expiration date comes after 6 months. The product’s storage life at the time of arrival to the warehouse must not exceed 1/3 of total storage life period.|